Posted (Updated ) in PHP

I have a project coming up involving editing WordPress posts from the front end of the site. There are a bunch of plugins that let you do this the coolest of which seems to be Front-end Editor but I wanted to come up with my own solution. Luckily it turned out to be surprisingly quick and painless!

For this tutorial I’ll be editing the cafe custom post type from my last post.

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

This information is pretty readily available on the internet but I figured I’d make my own post for safe keeping. I’ll be adding a custom post type (Cafes) with 3 custom fields (Website, Address and Phone) and a custom taxonomy (Countries).

The following code all goes in your functions.php file.

 

Custom Post Types

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/**
 * Add Cafe post type
 */
function create_cafe_post_type() {
	register_post_type( 'cafes',
		array(
			'labels' => array(
				'name' => 'Cafes',
				'singular_name' => 'Cafe',
				'add_new' => 'Add New',
				'add_new_item' => 'Add New Cafe',
				'edit_item' => 'Edit Cafe',
				'new_item' => 'New Cafe',
				'view_item' => 'View Cafe',
				'search_items' => 'Search Cafes',
				'not_found' =>  'Nothing Found',
				'not_found_in_trash' => 'Nothing found in the Trash',
				'parent_item_colon' => ''
			),
			'public' => true,
			'publicly_queryable' => true,
			'show_ui' => true,
			'query_var' => true,
			//'menu_icon' => get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/yourimage.png',
			'rewrite' => true,
			'capability_type' => 'post',
			'hierarchical' => false,
			'menu_position' => null,
			'supports' => array('title','editor','thumbnail')
		)
	);
}
add_action( 'init', 'create_cafe_post_type' );

 

Custom Taxonomies

Taxonomies are basically tags for your post types. Add the following below the register_post_type call above:

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//Cafe countries taxonomy
register_taxonomy("countries", array("cafes"), array(
	"hierarchical" => false,
	"label" => "Countries",
	"singular_label" => "Country",
	"rewrite" => true
));

 

Custom Fields

This is the hardest of the lot. It’s not really hard though, just alot of HTML to make the meta boxes. You can put any HTML you like in meta boxes, I just like to keep mine looking like standard WP fields:

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<?php
/**
 * Add cafe custom fields
 */
function add_cafe_meta_boxes() {
	add_meta_box("cafe_contact_meta", "Contact Details", "add_contact_details_cafe_meta_box", "cafes", "normal", "low");
}
function add_contact_details_cafe_meta_box()
{
	global $post;
	$custom = get_post_custom( $post->ID );
 
	?>
	<style>.width99 {width:99%;}</style>
	<p>
		<label>Address:</label><br />
		<textarea rows="5" name="address" class="width99"><?= @$custom["address"][0] ?></textarea>
	</p>
	<p>
		<label>Website:</label><br />
		<input type="text" name="website" value="<?= @$custom["website"][0] ?>" class="width99" />
	</p>
	<p>
		<label>Phone:</label><br />
		<input type="text" name="phone" value="<?= @$custom["phone"][0] ?>" class="width99" />
	</p>
	<?php
}
/**
 * Save custom field data when creating/updating posts
 */
function save_cafe_custom_fields(){
  global $post;
 
  update_post_meta($post->ID, "address", @$_POST["address"]);
  update_post_meta($post->ID, "website", @$_POST["website"]);
  update_post_meta($post->ID, "phone", @$_POST["phone"]);
}
add_action( 'admin_init', 'add_cafe_meta_boxes' );
add_action( 'save_post', 'save_cafe_custom_fields' );

 

Custom Templates

You may want your new post type to look different from standard posts. This can be done using custom templates. The WordPress codex cover custom post type templates nicely but I’ll quickly go over what I did for completeness. I’m using twentytwelve theme in my demo but this should apply for most themes.

  1. Duplicate single.php into single-<post type>.php
  2. Replace
    <?php get_template_part( 'content', get_post_format() ); ?>

    with

    <?php get_template_part( 'content', '<post type>' ); ?>
  3. Duplicate content.php into content-<post type>.php and modify however you like

 

Conclusion

And we’re done! Always remember to check the WordPress documentation for the various functions involved if you want to customize. Lots of useful information in there.

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

This morning I was loading WPMU in a custom script and all get_option() lookups were returning the details for the main blog despite being in a switch_to_blog() block. After a bit of debugging it turns out this was due to get_option() caching its values from the main blog and never expiring its cache when switching. There’s a pretty easy action you can use to fix this:

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function switch_to_blog_cache_clear( $blog_id, $prev_blog_id = 0 ) {
    if ( $blog_id === $prev_blog_id )
        return;
 
	wp_cache_delete( 'notoptions', 'options' );
	wp_cache_delete( 'alloptions', 'options' );
}
add_action( 'switch_blog', 'switch_to_blog_cache_clear', 10, 2 );

Below is a script in its entirety for loading WPMU, switching to blog 31 and grabbing its name:

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<?php
 
$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] = 'mypolicedev.com';
 
ini_set('display_errors', true);
 
/**
 * BEGIN LOAD WORDPRESS
 */
function find_wordpress_base_path() {
	$dir = dirname(__FILE__);
	do {
		//it is possible to check for other files here
		if( file_exists($dir."/wp-config.php") ) {
			return $dir;
		}
	} while( $dir = realpath("$dir/..") );
	return null;
}
 
define( 'BASE_PATH', find_wordpress_base_path()."/" );
global $wp, $wp_query, $wp_the_query, $wp_rewrite, $wp_did_header;
require(BASE_PATH . 'wp-load.php');
 
function switch_to_blog_cache_clear( $blog_id, $prev_blog_id = 0 ) {
	if ( $blog_id === $prev_blog_id )
		return;
 
	wp_cache_delete( 'notoptions', 'options' );
	wp_cache_delete( 'alloptions', 'options' );
}
add_action( 'switch_blog', 'switch_to_blog_cache_clear', 10, 2 );
 
/**
 * END LOAD WORDPRESS
 */
 
switch_to_blog( 31 );
var_dump(get_bloginfo('name'));
restore_current_blog();

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Posted in Database, PHP

Here’s a very quick set of SQL snippets for updating a WPMU domain. This might be useful when building a site on a development domain before moving to a production one later on.

Firstly update the wp_blogs table:

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UPDATE wp_blogs SET domain='newdomain.com';

There will be a bunch of wp_options and wp_posts tables – one per site. Find all the tables:

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SHOW TABLES LIKE "%_options";
SHOW TABLES LIKE "%_posts";

and for each table, perform the following query:

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#_options tables
UPDATE <tablename> SET option_value=REPLACE(option_value, 'http://olddomain.com', 'http://newdomain.com');
#_posts tables
UPDATE <tablename> SET post_content=REPLACE(post_content, 'http://olddomain.com', 'http://newdomain.com');

This was enough to get the sites working for me. Additional tweaks are probably required afterwards – if you find anything let me know in the comments below.

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Posted (Updated ) in Linux, PHP

I’ve been seeing up an Amazon EC-2 server with Debian Squeeze and used tasksel to install Web Server and Mail Server. Like all things debian, this worked pretty well after the installation completed and everything ‘just worked’ however I wasn’t happy with the default from name and email address assigned to emails sent by PHP – www-data <www-data@my.domain.com>.

I discovered a quick and simple fix to change these defaults for all mail sent with PHP:

Open /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini and set

sendmail_path = '/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -fno-reply@my.domain.com -Fno-reply'

You can see a list of sendmail arguments and what they do here.

Restart apache and you’re good to go:

sudo service apache2 restart

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Posted in Linux, PHP

I’ve been looking for ways to speed up my site recently and came across this interesting article on seamlessly integrating nginx with Apache to handle asset files without requiring a CDN subdomain. This works by checking the requests file extension for .js, .jpg, .pdf etc and if not found, proxies the request to Apache and serves the results.

Benefits

You won’t need to modify all your pages/posts updating asset locations to point to a subdomain! Everything will ‘just work’.

Issues/Drawbacks

There are 2 issues I’ve found with this setup:

  • Because Apache is now running on port 8080, your mod_rewrite redirects will now redirect to that port. You won’t be able to use RedirectMatch anymore, however below is the solution I came up with:
    RewriteEngine on
    RewriteRule ^foo\.php$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}:80/bar.php [R=301,L]
  • You can no longer use .htaccess redirects for any asset files nginx is serving. Instead, use nginx redirects. Below is an example:
    rewrite ^\/foo\.jpg$ http://173.255.221.210/bar.jpg permanent;

    For more information on nginx redirects, see the official documentation.

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Posted (Updated ) in Javascript, PHP

Even though it hasn’t worked for quite some time now, my previous PHP WebSocket chat application has garnered quite a bit of attention and is still one of my most heavily trafficked posts. As a result I thought I’d provide you all with a working script as of Feb 15, 2012. Also, because I’m your typical lazy developer, I’ll be building on top of other peoples’ work – most notably PHPWebSocket.

You can download the final script here. According to the Wikipedia article on WebSockets, it should work in IE10+, Firefox 7+ and Chrome 14+. Personally I tested with Chrome 17.0.963.46 and Firefox 10.0.1.

I want to stress that this tutorial is designed to be extremely basic and as such does not give alot of functionality out of the box (but provides all the tools required to add more). It’s simply a working example of a PHP-based WebSocket server.

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

Last night I was getting a strange error in LemonStand administration area when attempting to edit a product or category:

Fatal error: Maximum function nesting level of ‘100’ reached, aborting! in /path/to/phproad/modules/phpr/helpers/phpr_inflector.php on line 322

If you’re also experiencing this error, it’s caused by XDebug and can be solved by adding

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ini_set('xdebug.max_nesting_level', 200);

to your config/config.php file.

Thanks to Aleksey Bobkov and EHLOVader for their help in solving this issue. Here is the official LemonStand forum thread on the issue.

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Posted (Updated ) in Database, Linux, PHP

Tonight I had to move my WPMU install from my local development machine to the live server – this meant a change in installation path which is always a hassle with WordPress. Below I’ll detail my issues and the corresponding fixes in the hopes it will make life easier for others experiencing the same problems.

Redirection to wp-signup.php

First thing I noticed was that when loading the site on a live domain, I’d get instantly redirected to mydomain.com/wp-signup.php?new=mydomain.com. With a bit of Googling I came across this forum thread which recommended adding the following to my wp-config.php:

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define( 'NOBLOGREDIRECT', '' );
define( 'SUBDOMAIN_INSTALL', false );

Don’t do this! It will get the site closer to working order but it’s not going to help you in the long run – especially when you need the other domains working too. Instead here’s what you should be doing:

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#Dump your DB
mysqldump - u<username> -p<password> -h<host> <dbname> > test.sql
 
#Update folder path to that of the new servers
sed -i "s/path\/to\/install/new\/path\/to\/install/g" test.sql 
#If you installed into localhost/foo/bar/mysite, change that to your live servers domain
sed -i "s/url\/path\/to\/site/www\.domain\.com/g" test.sql

This is pretty standard behavior for moving WordPress sites, however if you load the above dump up on your live domain you’ll probably be greeted with the dreaded Error establishing a database connection.

Error establishing a database connection

Heading to www.domain.com/wp-admin will shed a little more light on the situation – you need to update your wp_blogs table for the main site. WPMU is currently using your development servers URL from this table and ignoring what’s in wp-config.php. To play things safe we’ll update any occurrances of our test servers domain in test.sql:

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#Update your live servers subdomain in wp_blogs to your live servers domain
sed -i  "s/yoursite\.localhost\.com/www\.yourdomain\.com/g" test.sql

This should do the trick. Load that bad boy into your live server and you should be good to go!

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Posted (Updated ) in Javascript, PHP

JQuery Data Tables is an incredibly handy tool that can make a developers life alot easier – notably by handling search, pagination, filtering and sorting for you. The default functionality is very good, however you’ll often need a bit of customization. This post will detail how to add custom filters and position them to nicely theme with your table. The filters’ state will also be saved so they’ll still be there if you reload the page.

You can see the demo page for this post here. Select a filter and reload the page to see it in action.

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