Posted (Updated ) in Javascript, PHP

If you’re reading this page (or my blog in general) it’s a pretty safe bet you already have Google+. If you’ve uploaded any photos to Google+ from Chrome or FF, you would also have noticed its snazzy HTML5 file uploader at work. This weekend I took it upon myself to whip up a quick and dirty version of that uploader and share its inner workings with the world.

Google+ Image Uploader
Google+ Image Uploader

Here’s a short video of my uploader at work:


  • PHP4+
  • HTML5-enabled browser (File API – including drag and drop, XHR2)
  • Some images to upload

Disclaimer: Currently only Firefox and Webkit based browsers meet the requirements above. Opera supports the File API and probably XHR2 (I haven’t tested), however it doesn’t have drag and drop so this tutorial won’t work with it. If you’re curious about whether or not IE will work with this tutorial, I’m already laughing at you.

Download the finished script here.

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

While aimlessly browsing my Twitter feed last night, I came across this tutorial on using CodeIgniter‘s Zip class. Kohana 3.1 doesn’t seem to come with similar functionality out of the box (at least from the brief glance I took), so I figured I’d write up a quick patch to get CI’s class working with it.

Download the module with example controller and test files here.

You can read up on how to use the class in CodeIgniter’s documentation or the tutorial linked to above. I’ve included a controller and 2 test files in the download above as a kind of ‘quick start guide’. To access them simply go to /koziptest and /koziptest/invalid for a successful and unsuccessful download respectively.

There isn’t really any more to say about this one other than the fact that I made the methods in my module chainable for convenience and consistency with other Kohana classes. Note that this means the read_file, read_dir and archive methods will now throw exceptions if you use an invalid file/directory path or your input or output files aren’t readable/writable – so remember to use a try..catch block! I’ve also made the download method take a Request variable as its first argument – simply pass your controllers current request to it like so:

$Zip->download( $this->response )

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

Update 06 June 2011: I’ve contacted the current developer and he’s accepted the patch. It should be appearing in a WP-Syntax near you shortly!
Update 16 July 2011: I’ve merged Chimo’s excellent patch which adds page range support. See the updated tutorial below for usage instructions. Thanks Chimo!
Update 27 July 2011: We have liftoff! This patch is finally part of the official plugin!

I’ve used a few different WordPress syntax highlighters in my day but WP-Syntax is easily the best of them. One issue that’s bothered me with WP-Syntax for a while now, however, is lack of line highlighting support so I decided to look into adding it myself. At the time of writing I’m using WP-Syntax 0.9.9.

To add highlighting support, open up /wp-content/plugins/wp-syntax/wp-syntax.php. You’ll need to modify two functions – wp_syntax_highlight and wp_syntax_before_filter. Here’s wp_syntax_highlight:

function wp_syntax_highlight($match)
    global $wp_syntax_matches;
    $i = intval($match[1]);
    $match = $wp_syntax_matches[$i];
    $language = strtolower(trim($match[1]));
    $line = trim($match[2]);
    $escaped = trim($match[3]);
    $code = wp_syntax_code_trim($match[5]);    if ($escaped == "true") $code = htmlspecialchars_decode($code);
    $geshi = new GeSHi($code, $language);
    do_action_ref_array('wp_syntax_init_geshi', array(&$geshi));
    //START LINE HIGHLIGHT SUPPORT    $highlight = array();    if ( !empty($match[4]) )    {        $highlight = strpos($match[4],',') == false ? array($match[4]) : explode(',', $match[4]); 	$h_lines = array();	for( $i=0; $i<sizeof($highlight); $i++ )	{		$h_range = explode('-', $highlight[$i]); 		if( sizeof($h_range) == 2 )			$h_lines = array_merge( $h_lines, range($h_range[0], $h_range[1]) );		else			array_push($h_lines, $highlight[$i]);	}         $geshi->highlight_lines_extra( $h_lines );    }    //END LINE HIGHLIGHT SUPPORT 
    $output = "\n<div class=\"wp_syntax\">";
    if ($line)
        $output .= "<table><tr><td class=\"line_numbers\">";
        $output .= wp_syntax_line_numbers($code, $line);
        $output .= "</td><td class=\"code\">";
        $output .= $geshi->parse_code();
        $output .= "</td></tr></table>";
        $output .= "<div class=\"code\">";
        $output .= $geshi->parse_code();
        $output .= "</div>";
    $output .= "</div>\n";
    return $output;

and here’s wp_syntax_before_filter:

function wp_syntax_before_filter($content)
    return preg_replace_callback(
        "/\s*<pre(?:lang=[\"']([\w-]+)[\"']|line=[\"'](\d*)[\"']|escaped=[\"'](true|false)?[\"']|highlight=[\"']((?:\d+[,-])*\d+)[\"']|\s)+>(.*)<\/pre>\s*/siU",        "wp_syntax_substitute",

Updated/added lines are, of course, highlighted 🙂

Below is an example of the new functionality:

<pre lang=”php” highlight=”2″>
$foo = ‘foo’;
$bar = ‘bar’;
$foobar = ‘foobar’;

$foo = 'foo';
    $bar = 'bar';    $foobar = 'foobar';

<pre lang=”php” highlight=”1,2,5-7″>
$foo = ‘foo’;
$bar = ‘bar’;
$foobar = ‘foobar’;

$foo = ‘foo’;
$bar = ‘bar’;
$foobar = ‘foobar’;

$foo = ‘foo’;
$bar = ‘bar’;
$foobar = ‘foobar’;

$foo = 'foo';    $bar = 'bar';    $foobar = 'foobar';
    $foo = 'foo';    $bar = 'bar';    $foobar = 'foobar'; 
    $foo = 'foo';
    $bar = 'bar';
    $foobar = 'foobar';

Remember to add highlight to the list of allowed <PRE> tag arguments in your themes functions.php file. Details on doing so can be found here.

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

EDIT Aug 6 2011: If you’re having trouble connecting to
If you get a ‘Too many incorrect logins’ error, you can unlock your account again here.

I’m a big fan of the Android platform and have been using an application called SMS Backup to send all SMS’s to Gmail for archiving (now replaced by SMS Backup+). To cut a long story short, I needed to download those SMS’s with a PHP script. SMS Backup had uploaded them all under the creatively named SMS label and so I needed a way to download all emails with a specified label. It turned out to be a relatively thing to do once you know what you’re looking for.

A quick Google search (I’m such a fanboy) will lead you to this page where a script is provided to download all email from Gmail using the IMAP protocol:

/* connect to gmail */
$hostname = '{}INBOX';
$username = 'your username here';
$password = 'your password here';
/* try to connect */
$inbox = imap_open($hostname,$username,$password) or die('Cannot connect to Gmail: ' . imap_last_error());
/* grab emails */
$emails = imap_search($inbox,'ALL');
/* if emails are returned, cycle through each... */
if($emails) {
	/* begin output var */
	$output = '';
	/* put the newest emails on top */
	/* for every email... */
	foreach($emails as $email_number) {
		/* get information specific to this email */
		$overview = imap_fetch_overview($inbox,$email_number,0);
		$message = imap_fetchbody($inbox,$email_number,2);
		/* output the email header information */
		$output.= '<div class="toggler '.($overview[0]->seen ? 'read' : 'unread').'">';
		$output.= '<span class="subject">'.$overview[0]->subject.'</span> ';
		$output.= '<span class="from">'.$overview[0]->from.'</span>';
		$output.= '<span class="date">on '.$overview[0]->date.'</span>';
		$output.= '</div>';
		/* output the email body */
		$output.= '<div class="body">'.$message.'</div>';
	echo $output;
/* close the connection */

This gets us half way there. Now – to filter by label. As it turns out, this is ridiculously simple. Change the $hostname variable to this:

$hostname = '{}SMS';

And with that, ladies and gentlemen, we have a completed script!

…but what if you want to retrieve only your Spam mail (not that you would), your starred mail or your deleted mail? This is also quite possible. After much more Googling I came across this blog post detailing what you need to put in your $hostname. In the instance above, it’d be

$hostname = '{}[Gmail]/Trash';

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Posted (Updated ) in Javascript, PHP

Update Jul 02 2011: crossdomains.xml should be crossdomain.xml
Update Jun 29 2011: Updated S3 upload URL – no more security error

If you’ve ever wanted to allow people on your website to upload files to Amazon S3, you’ll know the only real way to do this is with flash – as it allows the client to upload directly instead of funneling all traffic through your server. You could write your own script for this, however there’s already a nifty little prebuilt tool I’m sure you’ve already heard of called Uploadify which can not only do the job for you, it can do so with great flexability.

For the lazy: Download the entire script here

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Posted (Updated ) in Database, PHP

NOTE: If you’re looking for the Doctrine 2 modules for K3 see this post.

Download the module here.

I’ve previously written a module for Kohana 3 for Doctrine, as well as drivers for Kohana’s Auth and Session modules, however I’ve finally had the time to merge the three and fix up some longstanding issues present with them; namely the folder structure and lack of PDO support. To make my life a little easier I’ve moved the project to Google Code too.

You can find the project here. It’s got Doctrine 1.23 already in there, you should just be able to drop it in and add it to your bootstrap file. It also includes sample schema and data fixtures for the kohana auth and session modules – they can be found in /models/fixtures.

Good luck!

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

If you’ve ever come across the infuriating error

htmlspecialchars(): Invalid multibyte sequence in argument

I have a simple solution for you: Turn display_errors on in your php.ini file!

It turns out there’s a weird bug that doesn’t appear to be getting fixed any time soon that causes htmlspecialchars() to display this error only when display_errors is set to Off.

See this post for further details and a very big thank you to the Andy Young for writing it and saving me (and I’m sure many others) alot of time!

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Posted (Updated ) in Database, PHP

Update Feb 22 2012: 1.0.8 is out. Now works with and requires Doctrine 2.2. Thanks to Markus for his patch.

Since releasing my original Doctrine 2 module for Kohana 3, I’ve done a bit of reshuffling of folders and added some additional features from my Doctrine 1.2 module. Due to the extent of modifications, I decided to put up a new post with some added information on how to use the new module.


  • Doctrine 2 integration (obviously)
  • Auth and Session drivers
  • /doctrine controller to load your schema files and generate the DB tables
  • Works in Kohana 3.0 and 3.1

For the impatient ones out there, here’s the download link:
Doctrine 2 Module for Kohana 3


As always, install the module (remembering to add it to your bootstrap file) and download the latest copy of Doctrine 2 from here, placing into the /modules/doctrine2/classes/vendor/doctrine folder. It should be noted that my module is tailored to the tarball download and not the SVN or Github ones which have a slightly different folder structure.

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Posted (Updated ) in Database, PHP

UPDATE 28 Dec 2010: This module is now defunct. Please instead use the Better Doctrine 2 Module for Kohana 3.

For those of you who don’t already know, Doctrine 2 stable was just released. It features what is essentially a complete rewrite and paradigm shift from the 1.2 version and comes with a laundry list of improvements. You can read the official blog post here. To celebrate the occasion I decided to do up a quick Kohana 3 module. Info & specz below:

Firstly the configuration. You’ll need the following files & folders:
/doctrine/Entities (These are essentially (to my meager knowledge) your model files.)

Download the latest copy of Doctrine 2 from here and extract into the /modules/doctrine/classes/doctrine folder.

Here’s /modules/doctrine/init.php

	use Doctrine\ORM\EntityManager,
	class Doctrine
		private static $_instance = null;
		private $_application_mode = 'development';
		private $_em = array();
		 * Rename $conn_name to whatever you want your default DB connection to be
		public static function em( $conn_name = 'default' )
			if ( self::$_instance === null )
				self::$_instance = new Doctrine();
			return isset(self::$_instance->em[ $conn_name ])
				? self::$_instance->em[ $conn_name ]
				: reset(self::$_instance->_em);
		public function __construct()
			require __DIR__.'/classes/doctrine/Doctrine/Common/ClassLoader.php';
			$classLoader = new \Doctrine\Common\ClassLoader('Doctrine', __DIR__.'/classes/doctrine');
			//This allows Doctrine-CLI tool & YAML mapping driver
			$classLoader = new \Doctrine\Common\ClassLoader('Symfony', __DIR__.'/classes/doctrine/Doctrine');
			//Load entities
			$classLoader = new \Doctrine\Common\ClassLoader('Entities', APPPATH.'doctrine');
			//Set up caching method
			$cache = $this->_application_mode == 'development'
				? new \Doctrine\Common\Cache\ArrayCache
				: new \Doctrine\Common\Cache\ApcCache;
			$config = new Configuration;
			$config->setMetadataCacheImpl( $cache );
			$driver = $config->newDefaultAnnotationDriver( APPPATH.'doctrine/Entities' );
			$config->setMetadataDriverImpl( $driver );
			$config->setQueryCacheImpl( $cache );
			$config->setProxyDir( APPPATH.'doctrine/Proxies' );
			$config->setAutoGenerateProxyClasses( $this->_application_mode == 'development' );
			$dbconfs = Kohana::config('database');
			foreach ( $dbconfs as $conn_name => $dbconf )
				$this->_em[ $conn_name ] = EntityManager::create(array(
					'dbname' 	=> $dbconf['connection']['database'],
					'user' 		=> $dbconf['connection']['username'],
					'password' 	=> $dbconf['connection']['password'],
					'host' 		=> $dbconf['connection']['hostname'],
					'driver' 	=> 'pdo_mysql',
				), $config);

Once the module is enabled, you can access Doctrine from anywhere with the following code:


The module supports multiple databases and uses the Kohana database config file for connection details. To grab any specific database use the following (where connection_name is the name specified in the config file)


Download the complete module here.

Hope this helps.

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Posted (Updated ) in PHP

I’ve been working with the Zend_Gdata tools lately to perform various Google Calendar operations. One thing I’ve noticed, though, is that there are no tutorials on how to cache the auth request between pages. Caching the authentication would result in one less expensive operation to an external server upon each new file request (The retrieving of a new, working Zend_Gdata_HTTPClient object). Figuring out how to accomplish this seemingly simple task proved a little more difficult than I’d have liked and ironically ended up being very simple 🙂

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